Q: What about None of the Above? How can I vote for none and protect my ballot from fraud?


None Of The Above may be an intentional selection of the voter. Where the voter finds no interest in any of the candidates or choices and votes for all. This protest vote also prevents anyone else from filling in that empty race on the voter’s ballot. On traditional Vote for One plurality ballots, this action spoils the race on that voters ballot. By voting for all the choices in a particular race and the elections staff cannot count any vote in that race.

In a natioanal survey of ballots styles, a possible choice of “uncommitted” and “undecided” have appeared on ballots in Texas and Georgia. This is the equivalent of “None of the Above”. None of the Above has appeared on ballots in Nevada. This known choice can be sensed by ballot scanning automation, rather than judges attempting to ascertain the intent of the voter. Time and work savings is cost savings.

Elections officials in Colorado recognize the need for NOTA on Approval Voting ballots, as a vote for all would be literal. All candidates would receive a vote, when the voter intended to give no votes to any of the candidates in that race. Under further examination, elections officials understand that NOTA would be well suited for Vote for One plurality ballots to reduce the work of determining the intent of the voter when computer scanners sense more than one choice.

None Of The Above is not unique to Approval Voting. It is being used with the plurality voting method in current use in public elections in the United States.
Within free associations and political parties, none of the above has become an important tool for moderation. NOTA never exceeds expectations.

Colorado’s newest party is seeking citizens of the state to register to vote as Approval Voting Party members.

The Approval Voting Party has been established in Colorado. On October 1st 2019 over one-thousand Colorado voters have registered as AVP which was founded in late 2018.


On June  2nd of 2019 the first statewide convention was held in Denver.